From mid-life, and especially at risk, blood pressure and blood counts should be monitored regularly, and cardiac activity should be monitored by ECG (electrocardiogram / heart rate curve) to prevent disease and its consequences.
The risk of disease increases significantly in the case of high blood pressure and dyslipidemia. The effects of smoking should not be underestimated and are being studied in detail today. However, the extent of the impact of stress or other psycho-emotional factors is not fully understood. However, lack of exercise and obesity are definitely among the causes of cardiovascular disease. Diabetics are particularly susceptible. To determine blood pressure, two values are measured, systolic (upper) and diastolic (lower).
Blood pressure is too high when the systolic value exceeds 140 mmHg and the diastolic value – 90 mmHg. This significantly increases the risk of heart attack or stroke.
The most effective prevention is a healthy lifestyle.
The food that should be the basis of the diet needs to be as fresh and high in fiber as possible. Experts recommend monitoring portion sizes and their nutritional values, as whole grains can be overdone. In case the portion looks small, it is advisable to add more vegetables to it.Cholesterol from meat, sausages and other animal products should be avoided to prevent obesity. At the same time, the supply of fat-soluble vitamins and trace elements should not be neglected. Adequate and regular exercise is especially important and is an effective measure to prevent heart attack and stroke.